Places of Interest in Srinagar

Pari Mahal

Pari Mahal (House of the Fairies) is situated just above Chashma Shahi Gardens, about 10 km from Srinagar, in Jammu and Kashmir. It was once a Buddhist monastery, later converted into a school of astrology by Dara Shikoh - eldest son of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan for his Sufi teacher, Mulla Shah.Pari Mahal is bedazzling with radiant lights at night, and though located on the spur of a hill, can be seen from most places in Srinagar. Pari Mahal is a historic monument as well as a well-laid spacious garden.

“Pari Mahal” or the Fairy Palace is used by Price Dara Shikoh to learn astrology and it is the very same location where Dara Shikoh was assassinated by his younger brother Emperor Aurangzeb in 1659.

Chashme Shahi

Chashme Shahi is named after the spring around which it is built. The spring was said to be founded by Rupa Bhawani. She is one of the popular female saints of Kashmir from “Sahib Clan” in which the word Sahib denotes her family name. So the spring she discovered was initially named as “Chashme Sahibi” which over years becomes Chashme Shahi and the garden around it is also named so. Chashme means spring. The garden was built in 1632 AD by the then Mughal Governor Ali Mardan Khan as per the orders of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan to gift his elder son Price Dara Shikoh. Architecture of Chashme Shahi covers an area of 1 acre of plot with 108 m length and 38 m width. It is a terraced garden. The garden follows a typical Mughal architecture while the plan follows Persian gardens. Water from the Chashme Shahi spring flow through the central terrace of the garden and it is the main attraction in the garden. This spring is categorised into three sections like a water channel, water fall and water fountains.

Nishat Garden

Nishat was built by the elder brother of Empress Noor Jahan named Asif Khan who also designed the layout of the gardens and it is opened in year 1633 AD. The garden was initially built with 12 terraces representing the 12 zodiac signs. The garden terraces were fenced with cypress and chinar trees. The garden starts from the banks of Dal Lake and it extends up to the hill end with polished stone channels. The top terrace of the Nishat garden homes the Zenana garden and the lower terraces are well connected to the Dal Lake and the approach road.The water supply to Nishat comes from Shalimar while “Gopi Thirst” spring provides enough water supplies to the garden. Water is supplied to garden though canals and water flow from higher terrace to the lower terrace. To the top terrace water is supplied through a central canal which is 4 m in width and 20 cm in depth. Water channels and water fountains are sited in each terrace of the garden which also supplies water to its terrace. Close to this water crossing channels seating arrangements are done for the public to view the garden.

Shalimar Garden

Shalimar Garden or Shalimar Bagh in Srinagar valley built by Mughal Emperor Jahangir in the year 1619 AD for his wife Empress Nur Jahan. Then named by the Emperor as ‘Farah Baksh’ that translates into ‘The Delightful’, Shalimar Garden in Kashmir, as it is known today, was further extended by Zafar Khan, the Governor of Kashmir in 1630 AD who renamed it as ‘Faiz Baksh’ or ‘The Bountiful’. Perfectly divided into three sections, Shalimar garden features an outer garden named as the ‘Diwan-i-Aam’, a central garden was for the soldiers and the top most portion named as ‘Diwan-i¬Khaas’ that was designed the best for use of the Empress and her ladies. The garden features a number of fountains and water tanks that add to its beauty and grandeur.


Harwan nestles on a Hillside that lies south of a Village named Harwan situated about 19 kms from TRC or the Tourist Reception Centre of Kashmir. This site features the remains of ancient ornamented tiled pavements that date back to the Buddhist era. These exquisite tiles depict the attire of people such as Turkmen caps or Turbans, wide trousers, and large earrings that reflect influences of a typical Central Asian culture.

Jamia Masjid Mosque

Jamia Masjid is a mosque in Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir. The Jama Masjid of Srinagar is at Nowhatta, in the middle of the old city. It was built by Sultan Sikandar shah kashmiri shahmiri in 1394 AD Later, the son of Sultan Sikandar, Zain-ul-Abidin got the mosque extended the masurement of masjid is 381 ft by 384 ft built in area of 1,46,000 sqf The attractions of the Jama Masjid with is unique architecture,has mejistic courtyard and 378 wooden Deodar pillars supporting wooden ceiling with 346 pillars of 21 feet in height and 5 feet in girth and 32 pillars with 48 feet in height and 6 feet in girth. Another feature of the mosque is the peace and tranquility inside it, standing out against the hustle of the old bazaars around it.The masjid has a fountain also measurement of 33 feet by 34 feet which is also used for wadu (ablution) Thousands of Muslims assemble at the mosque every Friday to offer their prayers. This Jama Masjid of Kashmir, has seen a number of destructions till date. It got ruined thrice in fire and was reconstructed every time.

Shahi Hamdan Mosque

Shahi Hamdan is an ancient mosque in Srinagar, Kashmir situated on the banks of the River Jhelum, placed just between the 3rd and 4th bridge that stretches over this river.

Shahi Hamdan was the first mosque to be established in the capital city of Srinagar of Kashmir; however, the original Masjid was constructed way back in 1395 AD. Shah Hamadan was originally referred to as Mir Sayed Ali Hamadni, a surname that was derived from the Hamadan City situated in Persia. This mosque is known to have been dedicated to Shah-i-Hamdan, a preacher from Persia who visited Kashmir during the 13th Century and was responsible for spreading the word of Islam all across this region and especially within the valley of Kashmir.

Khanqah-e-Molla, a religious and pilgrim site situated on the riverbanks of Jhelum is the actual spot where Shah-i-Hamdan would often visit to offer his prayers. He resided in Kashmir for several years preaching the teachings of Islam after which He left to embark on a long journey to Central Asia by crossing through Ladakh.

There is another ancient mosque that was established by him at Shey, a small town situated near Leh in Ladakh of J&K that attracts a large crowd of devotees, believers, and followers from all walks of life and from near, far and beyond to visit this sanctuary and offer their obeisance.

The Khanqah-e-Molla is an ancient wooden structure that features a distinct aesthetic appeal revealing exquisitely carved eaves and hanging bells while its interiors are beautifully painted, intricately carved, and decorated with antique chandeliers that reflects the elegance and grandeur of this religious site, a must-see, after you pay a visit to the Shahi Hamdan Mosque.

Budshah Tomb

Budshah Tomb also spelled as Badshah Tomb, is the final resting place of the mother of Sultan Zain-Ul-Abidin [1420 AD to 1470 AD]. Sultan Zain-Ul-Abidin was popularly and respectfully referred to as the ‘Badshah’ by his people, during his reign and lifetime in Kashmir, spanning over 50 years of the late 15th Century AD, famed to be one of the most peaceful and successful existence.

The Budshah Tomb is an excellent representation of a typical Shahmiri style of architectural brilliance yet to be seen elsewhere in India. The monument or memorial site is seen on the right riverbanks of the River Jhelum, situated quite close to Zaina Kadal in Kashmir.

Sultan Zain-ul-Abidin devotedly had the Tomb of his mother, known to all as the Budshah Tomb, erected near the Jhelum water body due to traditional Muslim beliefs and per traditional ceremonies, rites and rituals.